The Comprehensive Guide to Teacher-Centered Versus Student-Centered Learning

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One constant in every classroom, no matter what style of teaching an educator buys into, is that the teacher is in charge of everything that goes on in that classroom. Often when comparing teacher-centered versus student-centered learning,  there is confusion about whether or not the teacher still has an active role if they move from one model to the other.

Watching classrooms that are teacher-centered versus student-centered are incredibly different in execution, but at the end of the day, the teacher is still in charge of all of the learning that is taking place in that classroom.

The traditional method of teaching that many of us were taught by is a teacher-centered model. The teacher is the holder of knowledge and using formats such as lecture and presentation, the students passively take in the information in order to learn that content.

The student-centered model is crafted and facilitated by the teacher, but the students are more active and collaborative with themselves and each other in order to process and learn the content information.

There are distinct similarities, differences, pros, and cons between teacher-centered versus student-centered learning.

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Teacher-Centered Versus Student-Centered Learning in Practice

Most educators were trained to teach in the same manner in which they were taught, which is a teacher-centered classroom. It is uncomfortable for many teachers to think about deviating from this because it is what they know and where their comfort zone lies. This is one of the main hangups when debating between teacher-centered versus student-centered learning.

In a teacher-led classroom, the teacher has full control of everything that goes on in the room from lesson execution to student behavior. The teacher knows exactly what information has been given to the students because they did it themselves. The teacher often feels like it is their responsibility to have 100% control over the distribution of information and deviating from this at all would be shirking their duty. 

By keeping this method of teaching, there is a level of comfort and confidence did the teacher is giving the students the exact information that they need to learn.

However, we are currently dealing with Generation Z in the classroom and their attention span is much shorter than previous generations. If a teacher is not distributing information in a way that is engaging to the students, it is easier for the child’s mind to wander, missing imperative information that the teacher thinks they are distributing equally and appropriately.

Soft skills such as collaboration and communication are also muted in a classroom like this as the students do not have regular opportunities to interact with the content material and also their peers. It also does not encourage critical thinking skills in most cases as it is more of an A or sometimes B quadrant in the Rigor and Relevance Framework.

In a student-centered classroom, the teachers are still 100% in charge of crafting each and every lesson, but there are more interaction and collaboration between both the teacher and students and the students themselves. The data proves that students, especially in this generation, become more engaged when they can dive into information that they find intriguing and have the ability to look into based on their own takes on the content. 

Multiple soft skills are practiced in every single lesson and students, though all receiving the same baseline content knowledge, often learn topics on a much deeper level because of the amount of engagement they are allowed with the content.

Hesitations when Embracing Student-Centered Learning

For a student or even a teacher who is not well-versed in this method of instruction, it may seem overwhelming at first if not implemented appropriately for success.

Noise levels may be misinterpreted as being off-task, and a teacher who is used to traditional classroom management techniques may feel that they have lost control if students are not quietly seated working independently.

There is a fear often that students are missing the information that they need because a teacher is not telling them what that information is.

However, if this model is implemented appropriately, this is not only not a concern, but it appears on the teacher’s radar much quicker when a student is falling through the cracks or is not as engaged or is struggling.

Knowing Your Students

The key to really distinguishing between teacher-centered versus student-centered learning is knowing your audience and what works best for them. Often students who are seen as gifted struggle with student-centered learning because they’re used to being given information which they easily digest and are able to memorize. Student-centered learning requires students to be hands-on and engaged with the content, not just memorizing it.

Knowing that the students in our classroom today are motivated and excited by very different things than generations before them, it is important to take into consideration what is considered effective learning for them, what makes them want to learn, and what their interests are.

As adults, we have the benefit of being able to know how we learn as individuals and to engage in educational activities that work best for us. Yes, we all have to do things that we don’t want to do sometimes, but we the luxury of knowing what works for us as individuals.

Our students are still learning this, and giving them the tools to be able to learn it quicker will help them in their educational journeys throughout life.

Teacher-Centered Versus Student-Centered

The Teacher in the Teacher-Centered Versus Student-Centered Classroom

To reiterate even further, there is no difference between teacher-centered versus student-centered learning when it comes to the importance of the teacher in the room. The goal of the teacher is still the same, just the execution of their actual work is different.

It is actually more work long-term to run a teacher-led classroom than it is to execute a student-centered one. Though it may be a little bit more work upfront when making the switch to the student center of learning model, over time it is much easier.

Taking into consideration that a student-centered lesson will naturally differentiate for every single child in that room, the time savings of not having to reinvent the wheel for so many different students is refreshing.

Why not adopt a model of instruction that automatically does something that we have been doing manually for years?  Teachers still explain, model, and help their students, but they are able to do it on a more personalized basis in the student-led classroom.

Imagine a room where you are able to have one-on-one conversations with every single student in that classroom every single day. You are able to see almost immediately what each and every student is struggling with as opposed to trying to determine those struggles from the front of a classroom having 25 sets of eyes staring back at you. 

Achieving Teacher Goals

As a teacher, your main concerns are student achievement, student engagement, and classroom management.

Many teachers believe that a traditional teacher-centered model helps to keep more order in the classroom and there for the other pieces of this fall into place. While yes, a teacher-centered classroom assures the noise volume is kept to a minimum and you are in complete control over the activities that are taking place in the room, student soft skills like collaboration and communication will lack, and you will have students that zone out and miss important information.

With the teacher-led model, students do not learn how to be autonomous when it comes to their own education without, ironically enough, being told how to do it. The student-centered model lends itself to that naturally.

In a student-centered classroom, while it might be noisy and more chaotic, Student engagement is much higher, which has a direct correlation to student learning.

While there is a fear that students may miss content information since they are all digesting it in different ways and it different times, it is much easier for the teacher to recognize when a student is behind or doesn’t understand a concept due to the nature of the structure of the classroom.

Making a Decision

At the end of the day, when comparing teacher-centered versus student-centered learning, it is important to know the students in front of you. Ironically, most teachers think they are taking their students into account when crafting a teaching style, but they often are taking themselves into account. When moving from a teacher-centered versus student-centered model, it is uncomfortable, especially if it isn’t flawless the first time it is executed. Just remember, if we tell our kids that “FAIL” really stands for “first attempt in learning”, shouldn’t we tell ourselves the same?

The differences between teacher-centered versus student-centered learning are clear, but at the same time, there is still one end goal: to make sure our students are learning content in the best, most efficient way.

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