In the Classroom,  Podcast

Easy Ways to Implement Student Choice Effectively

As time marches forward in education, we are finding that students are becoming micromanaged to a fault. Whereas teachers have the responsibility of making sure that their students learn the specific curriculum and content material, it is creating a generation of students who don’t know how to take initiative and find out the answers to questions without specific directions to follow.

Most of our students’ day-to-day activities are structured and controlled by others. It doesn’t matter if we’re looking at elementary schools, middle school, or high school students. From a psychological point of view, this micromanagement of the school day makes them feel powerless.

Without a sense of student ownership and student agency, our children are missing out on learning an essential skill they will take with them throughout their lives: initiative.

As teachers, we should turn this on its head and instead conduct our classes in a way that makes our students feel empowered.

The number one way to do this is by establishing student choice in the classroom to demonstrate learning.

As educators, we all know the feeling of frustration that comes with a classroom full of apathetic students. These students, who seem disinterested and disengaged in their learning, can be a real challenge to reach and motivate. The problem of apathetic students is not only a disappointment for the teacher but it is also a barrier to the student’s own development.

This apathy can manifest in a variety of ways, from students who refuse to participate in class discussions to those who simply tune out and refuse to do their work. It can be caused by a variety of factors, including a lack of motivation, a lack of engagement with the material, or even a lack of belief in their own abilities. Whatever the cause, apathetic students can be a real drain on a classroom and a real hindrance to the learning process.

The good news is that apathetic students can be engaged, motivated, and empowered to take ownership of their own learning. By understanding the causes of apathy and implementing strategies to address them, we can create a classroom environment that is conducive to learning and engagement.

The solution is to tweak our learner model in school districts that help focus on not only our students’ ability but creating lifelong learners ripe with intrinsic motivation (the most important of the effects of student choice).

What Does Student Choice Mean?

Plainly stated, student choice is the ability of the student to make decisions about how they are going to show what they know. Focusing on this allows students to take more responsibility for their own learning, which will also help them feel more engaged in their studies and naturally encourage critical thinking among individual students.

Student choice in education refers to the empowerment of learners to make good choices about their learning experiences, encouraging greater student motivation and interest. Instead of relying solely on traditional direct instruction, students are given opportunities to exercise their own choice, which cultivates critical thinking skills and tailors learning experiences to their unique needs and interests. This concept extends across grade levels and subject areas, fostering a real-world, student-centered learning environment. 

Two boys working on project together at table
It is amazing what children will come up with when given the tools to display their learning.

Student choice can manifest in numerous ways, from self-paced courses and the use of choice boards to digital choice menus, such as “Tic Tac Toe” or a “menu of decisions,” which offer students the autonomy to decide the best path for their own learning journey. Teachers like Mike Anderson, Brian Sztabnik, Laura Bradley, and other outstanding educational leaders have recognized the myriad of benefits that student choice brings to the classroom.

By allowing students to choose their own writing prompts, novels, warm-up problems, or even create a book trailer or comic strip for a compelling civics lesson, educators facilitate a paradigm shift of inspiring possibilities and encourage students to become lifelong learners who take an active role in shaping their own lives and education. 

This once innovative teaching phenomenon is now considered best practice and has a positive effect on classroom norms and a positive learning atmosphere, making the classroom an invigorating way for students to explore new ideas and have one of their favorite ways to learn. Whether in the warm-up problems or final project, student choice helps students take ownership of their learning and paves the way for a future filled with exciting educational opportunities.

This truly can be defined as anything taking place in the classroom that is completely controlled by the teacher but allows the students to have ownership in their decisions and gives the illusion that they are completely in charge of the situation based on the types of choices they are presented with.


There’s a really awful negative connotation stereotype that the kids are deciding what they’re learning and what they’re not learning, and it gives them the opportunity to do nothing if they don’t want to and your classroom becomes a free-for-all.

The number one thing you need to understand when it comes to this concept of student choice in the classroom is that the teacher is still 150% in charge of everything. You know what the objectives are that the students are going to be meeting and what the outcomes are that you want them to achieve like becoming self-directed learners, or just plainly giving their best effort each and every day.

Even though they think that they have control over what they’re doing in the classroom, you are still orchestrating every single piece of it.

What is the student choice theory in the classroom?

The student choice theory in the classroom, rooted in the work of Dr. William Glasser, centers on recognizing and addressing students’ basic needs while promoting a modern and relevant learning experience. Departing from the traditional concept of external control psychology, Dr. Glasser’s choice theory emphasizes personal responsibility and self-directed learning. By focusing on the central role of education in helping students understand their own behavior, make good choices, and set their own goals, this theory seeks to create a more effective learning environment. 

This approach highlights the importance of supportive human relationships, students’ needs, and the cultivation of a sense of competence. By incorporating critical problem-solving techniques and providing students with options, the theory encourages positive behaviors, increased school achievement, and measurable improvement in school success. It’s a different approach to education, emphasizing quality work, commitment to common goals, and the role of teachers as guides and mentors rather than traditional managers. 

In today’s classrooms, Dr. Glasser’s choice theory offers a compelling rationale for shaping a secure and caring learning environment where students can take control of their own learning, make informed choices, and build the skills needed for success in the information age. This innovative theory, with its insightful analysis of student behavior and a focus on satisfying students’ basic needs, challenges the shortcomings of the traditional education system and has the potential to yield better results and produce more satisfied and engaged students.

Why is it Important to Give Students Choices?

When you’re giving your students choice, you’re giving them opportunities to become more engaged, to find avenues of learning that excite them, that make them want to learn more. I have seen it in action in a variety of different types of classrooms, not only throughout my own teaching career but like I said, in feedback that I’ve gotten from people that have gone through and implemented what I teach in “A Passion for Progress“.

Regularly allowing students choices will naturally design personalization of content and lessons but still is directly constructed by the teacher in knowing the objectives and outcomes of that piece of curriculum. The key idea before you move into a fully choice-based classroom is to know what makes your students “tick” and their student intent.

Knowing their learning styles, personalities, and even their interests allows them to build student choice activities that will appeal to each student in your classroom and allow them student voice in their academic choices. You may have one student that loves art projects, but another one that would much rather write about a topic. Another student may love video, while the next prefers explaining verbally.

student choice

In giving students choice, you create assignments where they all have the exact same learning outcomes but appeal to each individual student in your class. This learning experience is differentiation at its finest and, if implemented correctly, is no extra work for you (and to be honest, it’s way more fun to teach).

Allowing students to have a say in their own learning through choice, can increase their engagement in the classroom. When students are given the opportunity to make decisions about their learning, they become more invested in the process and more motivated to succeed. This is because they feel a sense of ownership and control over their education.

By giving students choices in their assignments, projects, and assessments, they can tap into their own interests and passions, which can make the learning more relevant and meaningful to them. Additionally, allowing students to have a choice in their learning can also foster a sense of autonomy and self-efficacy, which can further increase their engagement.

The Benefits of Student Choice

When students are given choice, their learning becomes much more authentic and they are naturally drawn to the next steps of the learning process. Again, they are all learning the same things and demonstrating the same objectives, but in different ways.

If nothing else, it makes grading so much more entertaining when you have a variety of different assignments coming back at you and you are not grading the same monotonous assignment repeatedly throughout the school year.

While the standards are the same and the exact same elements of learning need to be displayed in each content area, it will come forth in ways that really allow the students to flourish with their own unique styles, and this is done through simple elements of student choice.

This also helps encourage ownership on behalf of the students. They are not just going through the motions of an assignment; they are developing something that they, believe it or not, become passionate about. A student who never wants to do anything in class may have a complete turnaround if they are able to demonstrate something on his or her own terms. It’s quite a powerful tool (especially in terms of classroom management).

They might not always make a good choice in hindsight (sometimes picking the “easiest” assignment ends up being anything but), but establishing this culture in the classroom allows for self-correction and improvement.

The teachers who seem to struggle the most with connecting with their students are the ones who want to hold on to what they know and what they love and how they are in their comfort zone without really amending the students that they have. You might have some serious high flyers one year and then the next year, you have the exact opposite. Trying to make sure that they’re completing the exact same things is going to look different…and that’s okay!

How Do You Give Students Choices in the Classroom?

It is always good to start off in a way that allows the students to ease into having such autonomy with their learning. It may start off as simple as giving them the option to complete an assignment by choosing option A or option B.

This can be individualized or in small groups.

You may have a topic that you need to cover, but you allow each student to find their own reading passages to help explain what that topic is about or something else from a choice of tasks that you curate. You can then bring all the students together, group them, etc. to work with all this information.

As time moves forward, you can move into choice boards, menus, project-based learning, or other self-directed opportunities or additional resources to complete assessments, giving that student choice in the development of completion.

Keep in mind, that this is not going to go smoothly right away. Again, this is a generation of students that had been micromanaged most of their educational careers. They believe that they need to be spoon-fed the formula for student performance and jumping right into giving them too much choice will not result in the student work you are hoping to see.

Giving them free rein immediately will not go well for any party involved.

This is how student choice will immediately fail.

Let me tell you something about teachers, as soon as something doesn’t work for us, we have a tendency to be the perfectionist type A people that we are and say I’m never doing anything like that ever again because that didn’t work.

Rarely, rarely does it ever not work.

It might be that the presentation was a little bit off. It may be that you bit off a little bit more where it’s a little bit more advantageous than you should have in starting out, your students didn’t understand the routine yet.

There are a lot of different variables there. But rarely will lesson and go catastrophically wrong to the point where you could never try it again.

When you’re starting out with this concept of student choice, you have to keep your students in mind. And you also want to start out slowly, if you’ve never done something like this before. If you jump into a full-on choice board menu project-based activity unit, however, you want to look at it, and you’ve never done it before, and your students have never done it before, that’s not going to turn out well for anybody.

It will take some modeling, consistency, and encouragement but over time you will see your students engage more and more and come to expect to be able to demonstrate their student learning in a variety of different ways that appeal to them.

When you’re giving students choice, you’re creating assignments that will make sure that they have the exact same learning outcomes. But in doing that, they’re able to complete them in a variety of different ways.

For instance, say you want them to be able to show you that they have mastered x concept. You might give them options that are attractive to students who are kinesthetically inclined, that are visually inclined, like to write, that are artistic, that are musically inclined. There are a lot of different options and it’s not hard to set this up.

If you’ve been teaching for a while you most likely have various assignments that cover the same topic, you can pick and choose from them. You can Google the topic and see what comes up. The internet is your best friend when it comes to finding active lesson plans. You can try out a site like Teachers Pay Teachers. Even if you don’t want to find a lesson that you actually have to pay money for, you can still find a lot of activities that are listed there for free, which could fall into what it is that you’re looking for.

Of course, at any time you take any of these and tweak it for the group of students that you have in front of you.

I’ve had years where I’ve used the same type of project over and over again and then I have another group of kids come in and I realize it’s not going to work for them. There’s no shame in that. Honestly, if you’re not adapting your lesson plans for the group of students that you have in front of you right now you’re doing them a disservice. Every year the kids that we have come in are different from than ones that have been there before. We need to make sure that we’re meeting them where they are.

Again, you are still fully in charge of the plan, but they’re in charge of the execution. When you start slow, you can gradually build upon it, and don’t ever think that you should underestimate your students, even that kid. I know that kid I’ve had that kid who you swear is just… I don’t even have to explain it in words.

You can crack that kid by finding something that is going to appeal to them.

Now, I know there are always extenuating circumstances. There’s always something… I’ve had a couple of times where I’ve had difficult experiences as well and that’s teaching. That’s the name of the game of our career. But the vast majority are going to rock this in ways that literally you would never even have thought of yourself.

I think that’s actually the number one thing that I hear back from teachers, once they master this style of teaching, that the projects and assignments and activities that their students have delivered back to them have been far beyond anything that they could have come up with themselves. They were able to learn things about their students like maybe they’re fantastic drawers or singers or writers or maybe they have this leadership skill once you put them in a small group.

There are just so many pieces there, that if you were trying to teach in a more traditional manner and a more whole-class instruction you would never even know existed within the walls of your classroom. Remember, as teachers, we should be teaching our students not just the curriculum but the pieces that are going to help them flourish in life to find out what it is that they are good at, what they might have a future in, what is going to come easy for them and on the flip side, what is going to challenge them.

By doing this and giving them that student choice, it’s automatically adding it to your curriculum.

So yes, it might seem scary to give over control of your classroom to your students, but you need to remember that you are the one in control. You are almost like the puppet master, but the students think they have this choice.

I always use the concept of when you have a child who’s young, and you ask them do you want to wear the green coat today or the blue coat. It doesn’t matter what color coat they’re wearing, as long as they’re wearing a coat. But they think that they got to choose the green coat, and therefore, they had that power.

How Does Student Choice Relate to Student Engagement?

Simply put, DATA DOESN’T LIE.

Studies have shown that when students have a choice in their learning, they tend to be more motivated, focused, and engaged in their studies.

One fantastic study was completed in 2008 by Courtney Kosky and Reagan Curtis titled, “An Action Research Exploration Integrating Student Choice and Arts Activities in a Sixth Grade Social Studies Classroom“. They focused on giving students choices in their assignments and activities in the classroom to see if there was any benefit to teaching “outside of the box”.

Their findings were great. As stated:

Offering students choice and mobility in classroom activities was a great way to get students involved in the learning process. Why should students have to sit and listen all day? Why not give them the opportunities they deserve to be active participants in their own learning? Students were much more involved in activities that were different from what they saw as “regular classroom activities.” Just because the students were having fun in their learning, did not mean that the activities were not meaningful. More often than not, students actually took more away from hands-on activities that got them up out of their seats and where discussion was used as opposed to a lecture format.

Think about this in your own life. We all have things that we enjoy, and we also have things that we do not. Given the opportunity, we would certainly want to do something that we enjoy. We will see it as the “easy way” to get something done, but in actuality, it is just being completed in a way that we find engaging.

In a time where we are doing everything we can think of to keep our students engaged, why shouldn’t we think outside the box a bit?

I am not saying that we need to make the children think that they will never have to do something that they do not care for, but it is our job to make sure that they master certain concepts. The rest will fall into place naturally. Giving them student choice and getting them excited about the material is a phenomenal way to put them on the road to mastery and not just compliance in all grade levels.

We must remember that our students are just young human beings. They had the same needs, wants, and concerns that adults do. As the grownups in the room, we need to make sure we are teaching them how to propel themselves forward in the ways that will suit them best.

From flexible seating to close readings to a genius hour project or options that give real choices that would be applicable in life (the list can go on and on), giving students choice in the classroom is a great first step in doing so.

Want to Learn More About Implementing Student Choice?

If you are looking for more ways to give your students more choices in the classroom, look no further! Our free webinar, “Choosing Choice“, is designed specifically for educators like you who want to learn how to give their students more autonomy and agency in their learning.

During this interactive and informative webinar, you will learn about the latest research on student choice in the classroom and how it can benefit both you and your students. You will also have the opportunity to participate in discussions and activities that will help you implement student choice in your own classroom.

Some of the key takeaways from this 45-minute free virtual workshop include:

  • The benefits of student choice in the classroom, including improved motivation, engagement, and academic achievement
  • Strategies for giving students more autonomy and agency in their learning
  • Ways to create a classroom culture that supports student choice
  • Examples of successful student choice activities and projects
  • A 45-minute Professional Development certificate after viewing 100% of the workshop

Don’t miss this opportunity to learn from experienced educators and take the first step toward giving your students more choices in the classroom. Sign up for our webinar today and start seeing the positive impact on your students and yourself!

Join us and learn how to give your students more choices in the classroom and experience less stress. Your students and yourself will thank you for it!

This article was originally published on May 21, 2020

After moving from a teacher-dominated classroom to a truly student-centered one, Jenn found herself helping colleagues who wanted to follow her lead.  In 2018 she decided to expand outside of her school walls and help those out there who were also trying to figure out this fantastic method of instruction to ignite intrinsic motivation in their students.  Read more about her journey with Student-Centered World at

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