We know as teachers that we are teaching students much more than just the curriculum. We are helping them become well-rounded individuals that are ready to meet this world head-on. We are just one piece to the puzzle (it certainly takes a village), but this leads many educators to find ways to incorporate student engagement beyond the classroom.
When looking at student engagement beyond the classroom, it is important to first understand what that means. Is it the same thing as a student’s “interest level?” In my opinion, no. Interest level is when a student enjoys a subject to some degree. For example, there are students that love math and will go to great extents for their teacher in order to obtain extra help in a subject they enjoy.
That being said, there are also students that enjoy a subject, but will still avoid homework and focus on their phones during class instead of participating with their peers. Student engagement beyond the classroom is not about how much a student enjoys a subject, but it is about the amount of effort they put towards learning it.
This can be broken down into two categories:
1) Students that are “traditionally” engaged. These students show up to school early and stay late, they ask questions when they don’t understand something, and they take pride in their work.
2) Those that are “non-traditionally” engaged. These students have a hard time being motivated at school due to the fact that they’re bullied, they’re hungry, or there is violence at home.
Both of these students are faced with unique barriers that prevent them from being traditional learners. Therefore, it’s important for teachers to discover ways to connect with all students in order to get them the support they need to become engaged, well-rounded people (not just academically, but emotionally as well).
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Moving Engagement Outside the Classroom
The most obvious way to move student engagement beyond the classroom is for teachers to allow students to explore their passions and interests. This doesn’t necessarily mean sending a group of students with a passion (such as chess) across the school to compete against another team (although those types of activities are incredible), but it is more about incorporating those activities into the school day.
For example, a child that loves skateboarding might be involved in a classroom discussion about an upcoming trip to a local park. In this way, both teacher and student can learn from one another during class time.
There is also no harm in allowing creative writing projects to tie with something outside of the realm of literature when considering student engagement beyond the classroom. For example, a young poet may be able to write an original piece of work about something they love (such as running) or they may be inspired by the world around them.
These types of connections help students learn in different ways while still touching on curricular learning. It is not enough for teachers to teach their subject matter; we must teach students how to learn in general. We need to give them enough tools so they can carry on the learning process through any activities outside of class (such as home life, extracurriculars, or self-led learning).
Keeping Learning Personal
One way that teachers are involving student engagement beyond the classroom is by creating opportunities for students to engage with other students. This involves the core group of “traditionally” engaged learners but reaches out to other students as well. For example, a chess club might be created for those that want to compete and learn more about the game while also creating an opportunity for those who may not even know what chess is.
In this way, learning is not just about the teacher showing students how to learn, but it’s about students teaching each other as well. Granted, student-to-student instruction can be risky business. It’s important for teachers to maintain control over what they are teaching because there are always those that may abuse this type of opportunity (especially with social media or cyberbullying).
However, when teachers maintain control, ask questions, and listen to their students’ ideas, amazing things can happen. It all starts with student engagement beyond the classroom because students should never feel like learning stops once they leave their desks. We are all responsible for fostering a love of learning so that tomorrow’s world is full of productive members who contribute to our society in meaningful ways.
When incorporating student engagement beyond the classroom, teachers should start by identifying what students are already doing outside of school. Students who read for pleasure, play music, work with wood, write poetry, or participate in clubs like drama and dance might be likely candidates for student-teacher collaborations.
Once teachers identify these types of learners they can begin to build on the skills that students are already working on. This means that students can work on critical thinking skills, collaboration techniques, and revision strategies while learning new content. For example, if a student likes to write music they might be incorporated into writing about global warming or an environmental issue in their area. Teachers should also consider how the skills learned by the classroom teacher will transfer to other areas of study.
The next step for teachers is to allow students to work with each other by creating opportunities for learning within groups. This can be done through the use of peace treaties, self-assessment rubrics, or raising one’s hand to contribute ideas. There are many ways that student engagement beyond the classroom has proven fruitful and effective in the history of learning.
It is important that teachers maintain control over what students are learning beyond the classroom. This means that they must be clear about expectations and standards for students. If a student is writing music, he or she should have something meaningful to say about environmental issues. However, it doesn’t mean that students can’t help each other learn either. For example, a student might teach another how to play chess or help them solve a mathematical equation.
In this way, student engagement beyond the classroom can benefit students and teachers alike. It allows for time for teachers to confer with their colleagues about curriculum planning while also providing opportunities for students to collaborate with others who have similar interests. In addition, it teaches students the art of giving and receiving constructive feedback as well as reduces the stigma of “different kinds” of learners.
If students are able to learn from one another, it will be easier for them to translate those skills to their learning outside of school which is a critical element in student engagement beyond the classroom. This means that if a child can teach someone else about using a microscope, he or she is also learning the benefits of investigative science. If a child can teach someone else how to play chess, they are learning critical thinking skills as well.
When students learn from one another, it doesn’t have to be difficult which means that teachers don’t have to try so hard either!
The Benefits of Student Engagement Beyond the Classroom?
Student engagement is defined as the “time and energy students devote to learning.” Some of the most obvious ways that teachers can create opportunities for student engagement include creating a rich environment, giving choice in learning opportunities, and allowing deep focus time on skills. However, we must dig deeper if we truly want to incorporate engaging learning activities into our school every day.
Though the evidence on the benefits of student engagement is not conclusive, there are countless educators who believe in its power to transform learning environments for students of all backgrounds. Some of the benefits of engaging students beyond traditional classroom practices include:
1) Student engagement can have positive effects on both academic and social outcomes.
2) Students who are more engaged in their learning process exhibit higher grade point averages.
3) Teachers with increased student engagement show less attrition rates.
4) Engaged students are more likely to be active in the community.
5) When students are engaged socially, their grades tend to go up.
6) Student engagement creates an environment that is inclusive of all learning styles and multiple intelligences.
7) Using technology wisely can help foster student engagement beyond the classroom.
8) Student engagement can make learning more fun for teachers too.
Simple Ideas for Student Engagement Beyond the Classroom
The goal of student engagement is to get students involved in their own education. How can we do this? Let’s look at some ideas:
1) The teacher should always ask the question, “What motivates you as a learner?” and then create learning activities that fit into that learner’s motivations.
2) More than just assigning projects, work to get students excited about the “why” behind the assignment. This will encourage more student buy-in and effort for their finished product.
3) Create opportunities for student choice in both academic learning and extracurricular skills.
4) Students should be allowed to work on skills and projects that interest them within the curriculum. This way students can focus on developing a skill they enjoy and build their own self-esteem as learners. Plus, this may encourage students to seek help from teachers or peers when needed.
5) Give students opportunities for peer-to-peer and student-to-teacher learning. If students can teach each other, they will be more engaged in the learning process.
6) Encourage students to question and think critically about what they are learning. This way we move beyond memorizing information and add depth to our learning (and maybe even add some humor along the way).
Student engagement takes place when the student is empowered to take ownership of his or her learning. This can be a difficult task for many teachers, but it is crucial if we want students to truly value their education. With positive changes to our school, we can move toward the goal of student engagement beyond the traditional classroom.
Student Engagement Beyond the Classroom and the 4 Keys
Finding ways to incorporate student engagement beyond the classroom isn’t difficult, it just needs to ebb and flow with the students and where they are (physically, mentally, and emotionally). Being flexible is the key to making all of this work. The key is engagement. There are four keys to student engagement that I discuss in my video training challenge called “Finding Your Student Engagement Formula” and it walks you through those four keys and how to implement them in the classroom.
If you are interested in registering (it’s totally free), visit the Finding Your Student Engagement Formula Challenge registration page and you will be notified the next time the series is available.